And the canonization authorized for a Dutch priest killed in Dachau who defended the rights of conscience of Catholic journalists.
On November 25, Pope Francis recognized a miracle attributed to a Dutch Carmelite who died in Dachau and another attributed to a founder of a religious community in Italy – opening the door to their canonization.
The same decree also recognizes the martyrdom of five French priests as well as the heroic virtues of six servants of God, including a child.
Pope Francis recognized a second miracle attributed to the Blessed Titus brandsma (1881-1942), a Dutch Carmelite from Oegeklooster, the Netherlands. He joined the Carmelites in 1905 and first taught philosophy and mathematics in a center of his congregation. He participated in the Dutch translation of the works of Saint Teresa of Avila, then in 1923 was appointed professor of philosophy and history of mysticism at the Catholic University of Nijmegen, of which he later became chancellor.
In 1935, he was appointed ecclesiastical assistant of the Association of Catholic Journalists. In 1942, he visited Catholic newspapers on behalf of the Dutch episcopate, asking them to resist Nazi pressure. A few days later, he was arrested and sent to a prison in the country. He then underwent several transfers before being imprisoned in the Dachau concentration camp in Germany. Due to inhumane conditions and forced labor, he fell ill and was interned in the camp hospital, where he was finally killed on July 26, 1942 by an injection of carbonic acid.
Pope John Paul II recognized a first miracle, culminating with his beatification in 1985. The second miracle that paved the way for his canonization concerns the miraculous healing of a Carmelite priest in 2004 in Palm Beach, Florida. He had invoked the blessed and placed a relic of him on the parts of his body affected by severe inflammation.
Pope Francis also acknowledged a second miracle attributed to Mary of jesus (1852-1923), born Carolina Santocanale, and originally from Palermo in Sicily. This Italian became a Franciscan tertiary in 1887. In 1891, she began to visit the poor and the sick with other sisters, then orphans. As her faithful grew, she drew up the charter of a congregation, the Capuchin Sisters of the Immaculate of Lourdes in 1910. She died of a heart attack in 1923.
Mary of Jesus was beatified in 2016 after the recognition of a miracle by Pope Francis. The new miracle concerns a woman suffering from infertility for medical reasons. This woman and her husband invoked the Blessed One before a relic, and finally succeeded in having two children in 2017 and 2019.
Six new venerable ones, including a child
Pope Francis recognized the heroic virtues of Odette Vidal Cardoso (1931-1939), a young Brazilian. This very pious girl from Rio de Janeiro contracted typhoid when she was only eight years old. She fought for 49 days with “extraordinary” strength, without complaint, asking only to receive Communion each day, before dying. If she is finally canonized, she would be the youngest non-martyr saint, as she would be a few months younger than Jacinta Marto, one of the visionaries of Fatima.
Pope Francis recognized the heroic virtues of Bishop Antonio Bello (1935-1993), bishop of Molfetta-Ruvo-Giovinazzo-Terlizzi. Ordained in 1957, he carried out his pastoral mission in Puglia, in the south of Italy, until John Paul II appointed him bishop of Molfetta. He then distinguished himself as the president of the Pax Christi Movement in his country, making a strong commitment against the Gulf War and the Balkan War.
The heroic virtues of John of Jesus Mary (1564-1614) have also been recognized. This Spanish priest was a member of the Discalced Carmelites. Born in Calahorra in a Jewish family converted to Catholicism, Juan de San Pedro y Ustárroz studied philosophy and joined the Discalced Carmelites of Pastrana in 1583. Ordained in 1589, he was sent to Genoa then to Rome. A prolific author of essays in theology and mysticism, he was the postulator of the trial of Saint Teresa of Avila. He died after leading the Discalced Carmelites in 1614.
The Sovereign Pontiff also recognized the heroic virtues of Giorgio Guzzetta (1682-1756). This Italian Oratorian priest from the Albanian community in Sicily has done a lot for the evangelization and education of his ethnic community.
Pope Francis recognized the heroic virtues of two Italian nuns: Nathalie Bonardi (1864-1945), née Maria Bonardi, founder of the Congregation of the Sisters of Sainte-Marie de Lorette; Maria Dositea Bottani (1896-1970), née Maria Domenica Bottani, Superior Ursuline.