Colombia’s belated yes to peace

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In Colombia, it is said – and reality reaffirms it – that what is important takes forever, including the peace agreement of a war that began with the Republic more than 200 years ago.

Result of a betrayal hailed by President Juan Manuel Santos towards his mentor, former President Álvaro Uribe Vélez, the peace agreement signed on September 26, 2016 demobilized and socially reintegrated 13,000 guerrillas of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC ).

While 50 million Colombians dreamed of a bright future in calm, Uribe and his far-right, then-majority party, the Democratic Center (CD), gritted their teeth and swore the total annihilation of what had been agreed. .

In an excess of legalism, Santos submitted the agreement to a plebiscite in which a yes or no vote would be cast, depending on whether the agreement was supported or rejected.

The war of the CD, supported by the Protestants and the allied parties, was terrible, so much so that absurd speeches spread, such as the one according to which, in the agreement, a clause claiming the equality of the sexes, aimed in fact to promote the homosexuality of children.

The result was astonishing: 50.2% of Colombians voted No to Peace.

The European and American countries, guarantors of the negotiation process, felt relieved when the guerrillas declared that, although the people voted against the validation of the process, they, loyal, would respect the whole Agreement.

In August 2018, another putative son of Uribe, the ignorant, inexperienced, incapable, inconstant, submissive and clueless Iván Duque, assumed the presidency, and, incidentally, the partisan commitment to annihilate – smash, was the slogan – the Agreement.

And during the four years of his government, which ends on August 7, Duque and the CD have set all sorts of traps, in order to ensure that not even the memory of the pact will remain. Only pressure from the guarantor countries, and to some extent from the United States, kept him from dying moldy in the last drawer of the presidential desk.

Four years later, a new electoral campaign begins. The CD repeated tactics that had worked before. And on May 29, when Uribe thought he had a trump card with Fico, as some scornfully call and others fondly call former Medellin mayor Federico Gutierrez, he found himself with no options. Another ex-mayor, the nearly octogenarian Rodolfo Hernandez, foul language and no idea of ​​governing, right-wing and exacerbated populist, defeated him and entered to dispute, in the second round, the presidency, with the veteran Gustavo Petro, ex-urban guerrilla and ex-mayor of Bogota.

On June 19, Petro won with 11.2 million votes, or 700,000 more than Hernandez, with whom he had only one point of programmatic coincidence: to give carte blanche to the peace agreement with the FARC.

In his triumphant speech, Petro highlighted the fulfillment of the pact, which includes the recovery and return to their owners of vast tracts of land taken from peasants and settlers by paramilitary armies linked to mainly CD politicians and usufructuaries , by themselves or by the forehead. men, of the profits generated by these stolen lands.

Thus, five years later, a pact concluded after decades of war and thousands and thousands of victims, has finally been able to find, on the part of the State, the fulfillment of the commitments that the government has tried to renege .

Five years for peace are, in reality, five eternities.

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