How many basic Christianity are there?


How many basic Christianity are there?

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To dispel the foreseeable objections, I will say “upfront” that I know very well that there are many types of Christianity. The question I pose and attempt to answer here is whether there are really only three basic types of which all others are forms or manifestations with their own peculiarities and peculiarities.

I think so. So what are they? Eastern Orthodox, Catholics (including Roman Catholics) and Protestants.

*There are Catholic Churches that are not Roman Catholic but have the same fundamental beliefs except for the infallibility of the Bishop of Rome*

Down to the most basic foundations, there are three basic approaches to Christian thought: Orthodox, Catholic, and Protestant.

Orthodoxy believes that nature and grace are inseparable; nature itself is honored and God’s desire and plan is for all creation to be deified. It was God’s plan all along; even if Adam and Eve had not fallen, the incarnation would have taken place and not only humanity but creation itself deified (with the energies of God while preserving the essence of God as unique and always transcendent) .

Catholic thought believes that nature and grace are separable, but nature is “open to grace” and “grace fills nature.” Whether there could be or ever was or is such a thing as “pure nature” is debated among Catholic theologians. Yet the “commands” of nature and grace are separate even though, as Karl Rahner argued, grace is universally given to nature (the so-called “supernatural existential”).

Protestantism separates nature and grace so that from the fall or because of the fall, however one understands it, nature is broken and devoid of grace. Grace can heal the brokenness of nature, but only eschatologically and supernaturally. This healing may begin before the eschaton, but it is only during the eschaton that nature will be completely healed by grace. But grace will always remain on nature. At least since the fall, nature is not open to grace and grace does not fill nature (Luther and Barth).

It is disproportionate visions of nature and grace that keep Orthodox, Catholic and Protestant Christians in a state of inability to understand each other. Many attempts have been made to build bridges or create hybrids of two or all of these elements, but so far they have failed. And the question of the relationship between nature and grace is fundamental to everything else.


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